Theodore Kautsky, N. A., Hannah Jumper House, 21″ x 29″, W/C
Hannah Jumper House
In 1919, the manufacture and sale of all alcoholic beverages was prohibited by the 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. It was repealed by the 21st Amendment 14 years later. Rockport, MA remained a dry town until 2005, and liquor stores are still not allowed.
The Hannah Jumper’s house in Rockport was built in 1840.
On the morning of July 8, 1856, two hundred women, three men and their supporters gathered in Rockport’s Dock Square and unfurled a banner with a black hatchet, determined to destroy all the alcohol in the town. The women had lost patience with the men of the town, mostly fishermen, who spent their days drinking “demon rum” instead of working. The leaders of the mob included a 75-year-old seamstress named Hannah Jumper and four other women who had secretly planned raids in advance. The women set out with hatchets and other instruments they had hidden beneath their shawls, and began raiding houses, barns, and any establishment that sold liquor without a license. The locations had been marked with a small white cross during the previous evenings. The raids continued for five hours, and fifty barrels of rum in 13 different locations were drug out into the streets and split open, an estimated $700 in damage.